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Analysis for 'iTV'

  • Pondering the (Potential) Impact of Apple's New iTV Device

    Once again it's the silly season, when rumors and pronouncements about still-shrouded-in-secrecy Apple products start flying around the Internet, often forecasting a future radically changed by another wave of Steve Jobs' magic wand. The latest Apple product in the speculative crosshairs has been dubbed "iTV," and was originally described back in May by Engadget as an "iPhone without a screen" (and a phone for that matter), that would bring the world of Apple's App Store to the big screen and would also be capable of playing some flavor of HD video. It would also carry a surprisingly low (for Apple products anyway) $99 price tag.

    It's easy to see an iTV device being a volume success for Apple, though given its low price point, profit margins could be a different story. The groundwork for iTV's success has been laid by the massive success of Apple's App Store and iTunes, which would now would be inexpensively connected to the TV. The concept "apps on TV' is getting a lot of attention lately, with Samsung making a big push, and of course Google TV being primed to deliver apps from the Android Market.

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  • YouTube + Apple TV = A New Consumer Experience

    Some pretty big news today from Steve Jobs that YouTube video will be embedded in directly AppleTV.
    Back in December '06, in my "7 Broadband Video Trends for 2007" e-newsletter, my #1 trend was that Apple's "iTV' box (as it was code-named then) would succeed - but only if Apple nuked its walled garden, iTunes/paid-only content strategy, in favor of allowing easy browsing of free online video. Though it would represent a big departure for Apple, I suggested the killer deal would be to make YouTube videos available to Apple TV users. (read the full entry below and here) True to its roots, Apple did launch Apple TV only with iTunes.
    And as it has floundered, I've taken plenty of flack from readers reminding me that these 3rd party, standalone boxes don't have a prayer. And that's why today's YouTube deal is a huge step in the right direction for Apple TV. YouTube is the big guerilla of all online video sites. But as big as it is, its use has mainly been constrained to computer screens. So by enabling easy viewership on TVs, Apple has created a whole new consumer experience, which I believe will prompt new buyers of Apple TV.
    And as Apple embeds more video sites (hey wouldn't it be easier if they just put a browser in Apple TV?), the proposition for box keeps getting stronger. This "over-the-top" or "cable bypass" approach should be another wake up call for cable and satellite operators. There is so much energy being invested in these alternative approaches (e.g. Xbox, TiVo, Sony, Netgear, etc.) that eventually some segment of consumers is just going to drop their traditional subscriptions and go a la carte. My original entry is below from December 20, 2006.
    All the 7 Trends for 2007 can be read here. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- "Apple's iTV box will likely succeed (but only if more than just iTunes video is easily accessible). This is clearly my most controversial prediction and the one I will devote the most ink to. Let me stipulate upfront - standalone appliances like these are indeed the "third rail" of consumer electronics. I understand all the reasons why they don't succeed. And the list of failures is long and undistinguished. However, my bet is that is that if ever a company stood a chance of succeeding and a box potentially met a clear consumer need, it is Apple and iTV. (by the way, "iTV" is just a code name, expect a new name prior to launch). Apple's user-centric design, functionality and coolness quotient are its key differentiators.
    First, for those of you who missed it, back in September Steve Jobs pre-announced the company's "iTV" box (see it here). Product pre-announcements are very rare for Apple. iTV's suggests that Jobs wanted to both lay some pre-launch buzz groundwork and also simply couldn't contain his enthusiasm for this product's market opportunity. To understand iTV's market opportunity, it is necessary to understand current broadband-delivered video viewership.
    As I see it, the amazing ramp up in broadband video consumption this year is surpassed by an even more amazing fact - that virtually all of this viewership has occurred on users' computers. Think about it - virtually all those clips, full-length programs and movies are consumed on the PC, not the TV! Nobody could have predicted that. But of course the TV is still the preferred viewing device for just about everyone. So logic suggests that if someone could make an affordable, easy-to-install box that unshackled users from their computers, allowing them to easily bridge the PC/broadband world with the TV, there would be a market for such a product. And that this could be far more than a niche opportunity, given that it could potentially disrupt cable and satellite operators' set-top box/walled garden stronghold.
    iTV's success turns on one key factor: Apple's content strategy for the product. And the hitch in iTV's potential is that to date Apple's content model has been to aggregate paid-only media in iTunes, its digital download store. The company has gotten off to a decently strong start selling TV programs and the like on an a la carte basis for $1.99 or more. But carrying over this paid approach is not a strong enough content strategy to support iTV.
    In fact, in the music world, a recent Ipsos study showed that only 25% of MP3 owners use fee-based download services. That's been OK for iPod sales because many people still have large CD collections (or share theirs with friends), which can be easily "ripped" to iPods. But what would the equivalent source of video content be to support iTV? Possibly DVDs, though converting them for iPod use is far from a mainstream activity (plus, why bother anyway?). How about the free video podcasts from a Byzantine array of providers also available through iTunes? Doubtful. Quite simply, if Apple extends its iTunes paid approach to iTV it would be forcing iTV buyers to pay for each and every incremental piece of video content to get value out of their iTV purchase. The number of people willing shell out $299 for an iTV box without readily available free content is tiny.
    Therefore, the alternative - providing easy TV-based viewing of free, ad-supported broadband video - should be iTV's core value proposition. Cracking this nut allows Apple to break open the video distribution value chain, with consumers finally getting TV-based access to the content they love. And it positions iTV as the key building block in making "long tail" video content accessible on TVs, potentially setting up Apple as a longer-term competitor for all video services (i.e. a possible competitor to cable and satellite).
    Exactly what content should be easily available through ITV is less clear to me. Certainly a key selection criterion is video that is either NOT currently available through cable or satellite. Many video content providers still dreaming of becoming a digital cable channel would salivate at the opportunity to be accessible on consumers' TVs. Plus broadcast and cable TV networks would love a way to get their broadband-only webisodes and other "broadband channels" all the way to the TV.
    But the most tantalizing content deal would be one with Google/YouTube. Consider how many YouTube devotees would love to get convenient access to this content right on their TVs. Since Apple has no in-house advertising skills and assets, and Google is the reigning advertising king, a partnership would be mutually beneficial. With Eric Schmidt, Google's CEO, now on Apple's board of directors, the personal relationship between he and Jobs would help clear the way for a deal.
    Packaging and offering easy access to ad-supported video would be a big content strategy departure for Apple, but a necessary one for iTV to fully flourish. Remember, selling hardware is what Apple's really all about. Given Apple's famous appetite for secrecy, I expect we'll only find out how Steve Jobs has decided to play his hand upon iTV's official launch. If it's to be iTunes-only paid video, I'll downgrade iTV's likelihood of big-time success considerably. "
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